How Many Owners Can an LLC Have? - How to Start my LLC

How Many Owners Can an LLC Have?

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Carolyn Young has over 25 years of experience in business in various roles, including bank management, marketing management, and business education.

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How Many Owners Can an LLC Have?

How Many Owners Can an LLC Have?

One of the most important steps when forming an LLC is determining ownership. Of course, an LLC can have multiple owners, but you might wonder if there’s a legal limit. 

The answer is, in a word, rarely. Read on to learn all about LLC ownership and its limitations. 

What Is an LLC Member?

LLC owners are called members. They have an ownership interest in the business. For example, they may have contributed to the launch of the LLC or purchased equipment for the company. 

While not a requirement in most states, an operating agreement is a crucial document for LLCs. It outlines the rights of each member, including voting rights and profit allocations. 

Member Minimum and Maximum 

To register as an LLC, the entity must have at least one member. LLCs with one member are also known as single-member LLCs. 

There are no restrictions on how many members an LLC can have unless the LLC chooses to be taxed as an S-Corp. In that case, it can have no more than 100 members.

LLC Member Restrictions

There are a few restrictions to being a member of an LLC. Even minors can be members in most states. There are no citizenship or residency requirements for LLC members. Individuals can be members, as well as corporations. 

However, along with placing a limit on the number of members, choosing to be taxed as S-Corp places some restrictions on who can be a member of your LLC. For example, for S-Corp LLCs, partnerships, corporations, and certain financial institutions cannot be members or non-resident aliens.

LLC Member vs. Manager

Most LLCs give decision-making authority to managers or members. Managers might be authorized to sign key LLC documents, for example, or enter into contracts. In addition, they might be responsible for hiring employees and obtaining business financing. 

The beauty of an LLC is that its members get to decide which structure makes the most sense: member-managed or manager-managed.


Hiring a management team isn’t always practical for an LLC, especially if it’s a small business. For this reason, many LLCs choose to be member-managed, with each member involved in day-to-day operations and to help make key decisions. 

This eliminates the need for a board of directors. Unless otherwise specified, the state will consider an LLC member-managed by default.


In larger LLCs, non-members are often hired to act as managers. LLC members can act as managers alongside the non-member managers, or they can be completely uninvolved. In this structure, any LLC member who is not a manager is considered a passive investor and has no role in company operations.

A manager-managed LLC structure is beneficial when LLC members lack management skills. Bringing in outside managers can bridge the gap and put a company in a better position to succeed. A manager-managed structure is also a good choice if you have members who prefer passive ownership. 


Determining ownership percentages and roles can be crucial to your LLC’s success. Make sure you outline all of the ownership details in your operating agreement and check to ensure you comply with any specific state laws and regulations. 

Pay close attention to relevant ownership laws if you choose to be taxed as an S-Corp.