Many Montana entrepreneurs choose to form a limited liability company (LLC) because of the many benefits of this business entity type. An LLC provides liability protection, for instance, so your assets are not at risk if your business is sued or cannot pay debts.
An LLC is a “pass-through entity” for tax purposes, meaning that the LLC itself is not taxed. Instead, income passes through the business to the LLC owners or members, who report it on their tax returns. LLCs also offer flexibility in terms of management and taxation.
Creating an LLC is relatively straightforward, but ensuring it’s done correctly is crucial to getting your Montana business on the right foot. The most critical step is filing articles of organization.
What Are Articles of Organization for an LLC?
The articles of organization is a legal document filed with the Montana Secretary of State to form an LLC officially. It will include your business name, address, registered agent information, and more, as detailed below.
First, Select a Registered Agent for Your Montana LLC
Montana requires LLCs to appoint a registered agent, a person or company authorized to accept and respond to official business correspondence, such as legal, tax, or financial documents.
The registered agent ensures all required notices and documents are received. In Montana, the registered agent can be an LLC member, individual, or entity that meets state requirements. In Montana, a registered agent must:
- Be 18 years or older
- Have a physical address in the state
- Be available during regular business hours
- Be registered to operate in the state, if it’s a business
Many business owners hire a registered agent service to ensure their LLC stays fully compliant and for convenience.
If you choose to be your registered agent, you must be at your registered agent’s address for all business hours. A registered agent service allows you to be wherever you need to be to run and grow your business.
How to Submit Articles of Organization in Montana
To start, visit the Montana Secretary of State website and create an account to access the articles of organization online.
In Montana, the articles of organization require the following information:
- LLC name
- Principal office address
- Registered agent information
- Registered office address
- Business purpose
- LLC term
- Governing authority type
Once you’re signed in, click “Forms,” then “Articles of Organization for Domestic Limited Liability Company,” and “File Online.”
You’ll then go through several screens to enter all the required information.
Once the information is entered, you’ll be able to review it before being taken to payment.
The filing fee is $35. You should receive confirmation in seven to ten business days. You must complete the filing online, as Montana has no file-by-mail option.
Some entrepreneurs hire an LLC formation service like ZenBusiness to handle this step, saving time and ensuring the process is done correctly.
Draft an Operating Agreement
Montana does not require an operating agreement, but it’s a crucial document that defines members’ ownership percentages and profit allocations. Those are the two key elements, but it should also include the following:
- Each member’s rights and responsibilities
- Management structure and roles
- Voting rights of each member
- Rules for meetings and voting
- What happens when a member sells their interest, becomes disabled, or dies
You can find operating agreement templates online, but it’s best to have them drawn up or reviewed by an attorney. The language of an operating agreement is crucial and can often help determine how member disputes will be resolved. Here you can obtain a free operating agreement template for your Montana LLC.
Contact Information for the Montana Secretary of State
Montana Secretary of State – Online Business Services Website
Montana Secretary of State
Montana Capitol Building, Rm 260
P.O. Box 202801
Helena, MT 59620-2801
Front Desk: 406-444-2034
BUSINESS & UCC SERVICES
Email: [email protected]
There’s only one way to create an LLC in Montana: successfully filing articles of organization. If you make any mistakes, you’ll likely have to refile, so be sure to do it right the first time and set your business up for serious success!