Many Vermont entrepreneurs choose to form a limited liability company (LLC) because of the many benefits of this business entity type. An LLC provides liability protection, for instance, so your assets are not at risk if your business is sued or cannot pay debts.
An LLC is a “pass-through entity” for tax purposes, meaning that the LLC itself is not taxed. Instead, income passes through the business to the LLC owners or members, who report it on their tax returns. LLCs also offer flexibility in terms of management and taxation.
Creating an LLC is relatively straightforward, but ensuring it’s done correctly is crucial to getting your Vermont business on the right foot. The most critical step is filing articles of organization.
What Are Articles of Organization for an LLC?
The articles of organization is a legal document filed with the Secretary of State to form an LLC officially. It will include your business name, address, registered agent information, and more, as detailed below.
First, Select a Registered Agent for Your Vermont LLC
Vermont requires LLCs to appoint a registered agent, a person or company authorized to accept and respond to official business correspondence, such as legal, tax, or financial documents.
The registered agent ensures all required notices and documents are received. In Vermont, the registered agent can be an LLC member, individual, or entity that meets state requirements. In Vermont, a registered agent must:
- Be 18 years or older
- Have a physical address in the state
- Be available during regular business hours
- Be registered to operate in the state, if it’s a business
Many business owners hire a registered agent service to ensure their LLC stays fully compliant and for convenience.
If you choose to be your registered agent, you must be at your registered agent’s address for all business hours. A registered agent service allows you to be wherever you need to be to run and grow your business.
How to Submit Articles of Organization in Vermont
To start, visit the Secretary of State’s website and create an account to access the articles of organization online.
In Vermont, the articles of organization require the following information:
- LLC name
- Registered agent information
- Member and manager information
- Principal address
- Organizer contact information
Once your account has been created, log in and choose Start or Register Your Business from the Most Frequent Online Services menu.
Select a limited liability company from the business type and LLC type drop-down menus. Then, enter the name of your LLC and any alternate choices you may have.
The following screens will prompt you to enter your NAICS number, physical business address, registered agent information, member and manager information, and management structure.
Finally, review your entered information to ensure accuracy and make changes if necessary. Once confirmed, you’ll move to the payment screen to complete the process.
You can also request a paper form if you wish to file by mail.
The filing fee is $125. Your LLC should be approved and formed within one business day if you file online. For mail-in submissions, expect a turnaround of 7-10 business days.
Some entrepreneurs hire an LLC formation service like ZenBusiness to handle this step, saving time and ensuring the process is done correctly.
Draft an Operating Agreement
Vermont does not require an operating agreement, but it’s a crucial document that defines members’ ownership percentages and profit allocations. Those are the two key elements, but it should also include the following:
- Each member’s rights and responsibilities
- Management structure and roles
- Voting rights of each member
- Rules for meetings and voting
- What happens when a member sells their interest, becomes disabled, or dies
You can find operating agreement templates online, but it’s best to have them drawn up or reviewed by an attorney. The language of an operating agreement is crucial and can often help determine how member disputes will be resolved. Here you can obtain a free operating agreement template for your Vermont LLC.
Contact Information for the Vermont Secretary of State
Vermont Secretary of State Website
Phone: (802) 828-2386
VT Secretary of State
128 State Street
Montpelier, VT 05633-1104
There’s only one way to create an LLC in Vermont: successfully filing articles of organization. If you make any mistakes, you’ll likely have to refile, so be sure to do it right the first time and set your business up for serious success!